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  • Jan 16, 2020

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Mechatronics and Robotics: Impact of Fourth Revolution in the Indian Industry

Mechatronics and robotics are two of biggest game-changers in the whole fourth Industrial Revolution. It has by far, been the most drastic and multi-folded revolution in the history of industrial revolutions. India is one of the forerunners in leading this industrial revolution, popularly known as Industry 4.0.

By associating itself with the emerging and highly promising technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI), Virtual Reality (VR), and other Internet of Things (IoT) based technologies, Industry 4.0 has, quite successfully acquired the global market.

The sole focus of this revolution has been to assimilate more and more sensors, machines, and other operations for the purpose of connecting with internet and cloud platforms. This is going to help in cutting costs, and increasing productivity, which in turn will boost profit for businesses and manufacturers. Furthermore, mechatronics and robotics have, undeniably, contributed a huge deal to forward this revolution. The confluence of these two aspects also boost the ever-increasing demand for technologies and automation.

What is Mechatronics and Robotics?

Primarily born out of the marriage of mechanical and electronic engineering, mechatronics is a broad discipline that has also borrowed aspects from electrical, control system, telecommunication, and computer science engineering. On the other hand, robotics is a sub-discipline of technology that has to do with design, construction, operation, and application of the robots. Robotics has progressively become a global favorite as it offers cutting-edge technology worldwide. It has become the driving force behind Industry 4.0 that hugely runs on the increasing demand for smart machines, dedicated and digital systems, and AI robots.

Challenges faced by India

With the uproar in the field of technology, scientists have even introduced to the world robots that are programmed with decision making skills. Currently, the robotic industry is thriving with overflowing entrepreneurship and employment opportunities for the tech enthusiasts, who wish to step into this attractive sector.

But, the question is – how equipped is India to lead this development? Do we have enough skilled and upgraded manpower to accommodate the constantly evolving technology? Along with the challenge of financial constraints, driving India’s workforce into becoming the most advanced one is still considered to be a tough challenge. At this point, to meet the global industry requirements, the country should take a substantial step.

Steps taken by Government

To be ready for this disruptive transition, churning out quality talent, and working on retaining them should be considered as one of the first things to do. The Indian government has also come to terms with the fact that speed, and accuracy are instrumental in creating wonders.

The Government, in an attempt to ensure smooth development of skills, has also launched a number of schemes and associations to promote skilling and upskilling. This is anticipated to help in generating human capital, which, in turn, will make way for increased economic activities, by generating job opportunities. Automotive Skills Development Council (ASDC) is one such government certified sector skill council that authorizes skilling and upskilling of manpower to be able to tackle current and future technological challenges.

The ultimate fusion of mechatronics and robotics has brought the inevitable transformation upon the global industry as a whole. The Industry 4.0 has initiated a significant paradigm shift through the reforms it has introduced so far, in the global market, in terms of enhancing efficiency, changing the working methods, and the likes. If this remains the case, India will soon lead the world in fourth industrial revolution.

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